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A.I. Joe's hand selected news about artificial intelligence

MIT researchers introduce generative AI for databases | MIT News | Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Jul 08, 2024 • MIT News • (6 Minute Read) • Machine Learning
MIT researchers have introduced GenSQL, a generative AI system for databases that simplifies the analysis of complex tabular data. This new tool enables users to perform statistical analyses, prediction, anomaly detection, and data generation with just a few keystrokes, without the need to understand the underlying mechanisms. GenSQL integrates a tabular dataset with a generative probabilistic AI model to account for uncertainty and adapt decision-making based on new data. Compared to popular AI-based approaches for data analysis, GenSQL is not only faster but also produces more accurate results. The system's goal is to enable a large set of users to query their data and models without needing intricate technical knowledge. The research was recently presented at the ACM Conference on Programming Language Design and Implementation and is funded by organizations like DARPA and Google. The researchers plan to further develop GenSQL to conduct large-scale modeling of human populations and eventually enable natural language queries.

How AI is helping us tackle the climate crisis

Jul 07, 2024 • The Guardian • (1 Minute Read)
Artificial intelligence (AI) is playing a crucial role in addressing the climate crisis, emphasized by Dr. Will Cavendish. While the energy use of AI systems needs scrutiny, its emissions are substantially lower than those from sectors like construction and transport. AI has already proven to be an essential tool in combating climate and nature crises, particularly in energy-intensive advanced climate models. Furthermore, AI can facilitate significant decarbonization opportunities, particularly in the built environment, by reducing the carbon impact of energy and transport systems, and enabling the shift away from polluting materials. Dr. Cavendish underscores the importance of continually enhancing the efficiency of AI development and utilizing it to accelerate the green transition.

Will artificial intelligence transform school?

Jul 07, 2024 • The Economist • (1 Minute Read) • Chatbot
The article titled "Will artificial intelligence transform school?" explores the potential impact of AI on education. Khanmigo, an AI tool designed for students and teachers, allows users to interact with chatbots modeled after historical figures and fictional characters. The concept raises questions about the future of traditional teaching methods and the role of AI in schools. The author references Thomas Edison's past predictions about the replacement of books and teachers by motion pictures, highlighting the ongoing debate about the integration of AI in education. The article prompts readers to consider the implications and limitations of AI in transforming the educational landscape.

China's Laws of Robotics: Shanghai publishes first humanoid robot guidelines

Jul 07, 2024 • South China Morning Post • (1 Minute Read) • Neural Network
Shanghai has released China's first set of guidelines for governing humanoid robots, emphasizing the need to ensure these machines do not pose a threat to human security and effectively safeguard human dignity. The guidelines, unveiled during the World Artificial Intelligence Conference, call for measures such as risk warning procedures, emergency response systems, and ethical and lawful use training for users. The document, developed by a coalition of Shanghai-based industry organizations, also advocates for international cooperation in the humanoid robot sector, recommending the establishment of a global governance framework and an international think tank dedicated to governing these machines. Chinese companies are racing to develop cost-effective humanoid robots, as the country aims for mass production by 2025 and global leadership in the sector by 2027. Tesla's second-generation humanoid robot, Optimus, and other cutting-edge models were showcased at the conference, highlighting China's efforts to catch up with the US in AI and achieve technological self-sufficiency.

Artificial intelligence web crawlers are running amok

Jul 05, 2024 • NPR • (3 Minute Read) • AI Robots
Artificial intelligence web crawlers are causing a stir as they disregard internet protocol and continue to scrape data despite hidden stop signs intended for bots. Since the mid-'90s, websites have utilized a hidden robots.txt file to specify what parts of their content should not be scanned, forming a social contract respected by tech giants. Recently, AI companies have disregarded these guidelines, prompting concern about the erosion of the open-web order and the potential for the internet to become more restricted and less accessible. This has raised questions about who benefits from the rich data harvested by AI tools and is fueling growing discontent among creators and website publishers. As the AI industry pushes norms in pursuit of more data, it is becoming richer while content providers receive little in return, leading to increased difficulty in accessing certain areas of the internet for everyone.

Artificial Intelligence Vs. Genuine Insight

Jul 05, 2024 • Forbes • (4 Minute Read)
The market is offering new AI tools for drafting meeting minutes that can transcribe and summarize discussions. However, Jay Sullivan argues that while this is helpful, there are also more personal and subtle details that impact the success of organizations that AI fails to capture. Sullivan suggests that an AI product isn't necessary for capturing these meeting minutes, as individuals are already noticing and making assumptions about who is doing or saying what in meetings. He encourages individuals to reflect honestly on their own behavior in meetings and to strive for balanced participation, active listening, and thoughtful contributions. By doing so, meeting dynamics and relationships can be improved.

Meet the startup using AI to slash healthcare's trillion-dollar administrative burden

Jul 05, 2024 • VentureBeat • (2 Minute Read) • Deep Learning
Anterior, a healthcare technology startup, has secured $20 million in Series A funding to address inefficiencies in U.S. healthcare administration by using artificial intelligence to streamline prior authorization processes for health insurers. The company's AI technology, led by Dr. Abdel Mahmoud, a physician with a computer science background, acts as a “copilot” for nurses reviewing medical records, aiming to double or triple their productivity. Anterior's unique approach involves integrating clinical expertise into its technical teams, as nearly half of the staff are clinicians or have clinical backgrounds. The startup sees potential applications in other areas of healthcare administration, potentially leading to significant opportunities for growth in the healthcare industry.

Tesla shows its humanoid robot Optimus at China AI conference, but behind glass

Jul 05, 2024 • South China Morning Post • (1 Minute Read) • Neural Network
Tesla unveiled its humanoid robot, Optimus, at the 2024 World Artificial Intelligence Conference in Shanghai, sparking interest as one of the few American AI products at the event. Despite being showcased behind glass and without interactive capabilities, Optimus drew attention with its potential to handle various tasks using Tesla's neural network and computer vision technology. The display also featured 17 other robots from Chinese manufacturers, highlighting the increasing development and potential applications of humanoid robots in sectors such as education, entertainment, healthcare, elder care, and manufacturing. However, high production costs remain a barrier to widespread deployment, with prices ranging from $70,000 to $1 million for existing models, although Tesla's Optimus is anticipated to sell for up to $30,000.

Google Researchers Publish Paper About How AI Is Ruining the Internet

Jul 04, 2024 • Futurism • (1 Minute Read) • Generative AI
In a surprising turn of events, Google researchers have published a paper warning about the detrimental impact of generative AI on the internet. This revelation is especially ironic as Google itself has been a major advocate for advancing this technology. The study reveals that the majority of generative AI users are leveraging the technology to disseminate fake or manipulated content, blurring the lines between truth and deceit. This misuse has far-reaching consequences, leading to public deception, fraudulent activities, and a distortion of socio-political reality. The researchers also express concerns about the increasing sophistication and accessibility of generative AI systems, exacerbating the proliferation of fake content. As companies like Google continue to integrate AI into their products, this issue is likely to persist and intensify, raising serious questions about the authenticity and reliability of digital information.

Gen AI's impact on healthcare: Cutting-edge applications (and their challenges)

Jul 04, 2024 • VentureBeat • (4 Minute Read) • Machine Learning
In a recent report titled "Gen AI’s impact on healthcare: Cutting-edge applications (and their challenges)", the widespread influence of AI in the medical field has been underscored. The deployment of large language models in healthcare has shown promising capabilities for tumor diagnoses, sleep and fitness advice, and the analysis of medical images such as MRIs and X-rays. However, there are legitimate concerns regarding factors such as output accuracy, transparency, data privacy, ethics, bias, and regulatory compliance. Timothy Bates, a clinical professor, has emphasized the revolutionary potential of integrating AI into healthcare to enhance patient care, operational efficiency, and medical research, while acknowledging the need to address substantial challenges. Additionally, AI is positioned to ease burdensome administrative tasks, improve diagnostics, support personalized medicine, and optimize hospital operations, though concerns around data privacy, integration, transparency, and the potential distancing from human interactions persist. The utilization of AI in drug discovery and clinical trials has also shown immense potential, yet the report highlights significant concerns around data privacy, integration, and transparency. Regulatory compliance and the need to build trust through transparent processes, rigorous testing, and demonstration of tangible benefits are also focal points in the discussion. While AI offers valuable support for clinical decision-making and data analysis, human involvement and supervision remain crucial to ensure the highest standards of care. The upcoming AI event, VB Transform, is set to examine key trends in the healthcare sector, featuring experts from prominent institutions and companies to address the evolving landscape of healthcare.

China has requested far more generative AI patents than any other country

Jul 04, 2024 • Fortune • (3 Minute Read) • Robotics
China has emerged as the leader in generative AI patents, surpassing other countries by a significant margin, according to the World Intellectual Property Organization. The U.S. is a distant second in this regard. In the past decade, China has accounted for over 38,200 generative AI inventions, six times more than the nearly 6,300 from the United States. The explosive growth of generative AI is evident as more than a quarter of these inventions emerged in the last year. While this technology has the potential to enhance efficiency and drive scientific discoveries, concerns about its impact on jobs and fair compensation for content creators have been raised. The report also highlights the evolving landscape of AI technologies, and while China leads in generative AI patents, the U.S. is at the forefront in developing cutting-edge AI systems and models.

How AI Agents are changing software development

Jul 04, 2024 • VentureBeat • (3 Minute Read) • Deep Learning
The software engineering landscape is experiencing a transformation as large language models (LLMs) evolve into AI agents that can design, implement, and correct entire software modules, thereby enhancing the productivity of software engineers. LLMs are being integrated as coding assistants through chatbot interfaces like ChatGPT and Claude, and as plugins in integrated development environments (IDE) such as GitHub Copilot and Amazon’s coding assistant Q. Moreover, AI agents are being harnessed in agentic frameworks to complete software development projects end-to-end, although concerns linger about the safety and efficacy of AI-generated code. While AI is unlikely to replace software developers entirely, the value of LLMs in software development is clear, driving increased demand for software developers as AI tools mature.

The New 'Ethical' AI Music Generator Can't Write a Halfway Decent Song

Jul 04, 2024 • WIRED • (5 Minute Read)
The new AI music generator Jen, marketed as "ethically trained," has fallen short of expectations, according to a recent Wired investigation. While other similar programs have faced legal challenges for copyright infringement, Jen claimed to have licensed over 40 training catalogs in an effort to avoid such issues. Additionally, Jen's AI was trained on licensed material, but when tested by professional musicians, it failed to impress. The tracks generated lacked lyrics and coherence, leading the musicians to describe them as uninspiring and generic. Furthermore, the AI struggled to recognize specific music genres or artists, limiting its potential as a creative tool. The program's limitations have raised concerns about its impact on the music industry, potentially devaluing the work of human musicians and flooding streaming platforms with subpar content. The AI's creators assert that Jen is still in its early stages and will improve in the future.

Would having an AI boss be better than your current human one?

Jul 03, 2024 • BBC.com • (4 Minute Read)
In Vancouver, senior manager Hannu Rauma has found relief in working with an AI manager developed by the US-based company, Inspira, citing a reduction in stress levels and increased employee productivity. A study conducted by Inspira and academic institutions found that the AI manager had similar success rates to human managers in areas such as motivating employees and pre-planning workdays. However, experts caution against completely replacing human managers with AI, emphasizing the importance of the human touch in management, such as mentorship and coaching. They also stress the need to prevent AI managers from becoming surveillance tools and from creating an over-reliance on AI, which could potentially lead to cybersecurity risks and devaluation of human employees.

Cloudflare debuts one-click nuke of web-scraping AI

Jul 03, 2024 • The Register • (6 Minute Read) • Machine Learning
Cloudflare has introduced a new feature enabling web hosting customers to block AI bots from scraping website content and using it without permission for training machine learning models. This move comes in response to customer concerns about dishonest AI bot visits and the unauthorized usage of website data. While the robots.txt file already offers a means to block bots, Cloudflare's new feature provides a one-click option to block all AI bots. The company's decision reflects the growing unease about AI companies using web content without consent, especially for training AI models. Cloudflare's new offering aims to provide a more robust defense against AI bots, which currently visit around 39 percent of the top one million web properties served by Cloudflare. This new tool is available to all customers and is located in the Security -> Bots menu for a given website, reflecting Cloudflare's commitment to helping content creators maintain control over their content.

AI and Robots That Do Your Household Chores? Dream On, Folks

Jul 03, 2024 • CNET • (6 Minute Read) • Machine Learning
The dream of having artificial intelligence and robots take care of household chores still seems out of reach, despite the popular sentiment and frustration expressed on social media. While AI and robotics have shown remarkable advancements in language processing and image synthesis, the integration of this technology into household chores remains a formidable challenge due to technical, philosophical, and ethical considerations. The distinction between AI and robotics is crucial, as robotics requires physical hardware to interact with the environment, making it more complex to develop. Although there have been attempts to create household robots capable of chores such as laundry and dishwashing, they have faced significant limitations and have struggled to become practical for everyday use. Despite ongoing research and development efforts by various companies and institutions, the widespread use of robots to perform household chores is still a distant goal.

What happened to the artificial-intelligence revolution?

Jul 02, 2024 • The Economist • (1 Minute Read) • Artificial General Intelligence
The artificial-intelligence (AI) revolution seems to be falling short of the anticipated economic impact, despite the widespread excitement and investment in the technology. In San Francisco, there is fervent enthusiasm about how AI will revolutionize workplaces, with tech giants like Alphabet, Amazon, Apple, Meta, and Microsoft investing significant sums in AI-related hardware and research. However, the anticipated transformation of the global economy through AI has not materialized beyond the tech hub, with little evidence of its impact elsewhere. While investors have projected substantial additional revenues for big tech firms, the actual results are far from meeting these optimistic projections. As a result, the potential for AI to significantly reshape the global economy remains unrealized.

Can anyone beat Nvidia in AI? Analysts say it's the wrong question

Jul 02, 2024 • Fortune • (5 Minute Read) • Generative AI
Nvidia's dominance in the AI chip market, controlling 80% of the market, has raised questions about potential competitors. While some analysts suggest that there is no apparent threat to Nvidia at the moment, others see opportunities for smaller AI chip startups to target specific segments of the market, particularly in the area of specialized needs for AI companies. Despite competition from companies like AMD and Intel, Nvidia's established user base and software ecosystem make it difficult for rivals to displace its position. Nvidia's impending release of the Blackwell system and its strong software platform further indicate its determination to maintain its lead in the industry. However, potential challenges such as antitrust investigations and the need to address power consumption concerns could provide openings for competitors to gain traction. The article emphasizes the potential for a healthy ecosystem of chipmakers and software creators to thrive in the expanding AI market, pointing to a space for many players to coexist alongside Nvidia.

How Amazon's hiring of Adept AI startup avoids antitrust scrutiny

Jul 01, 2024 • The Verge • (2 Minute Read)
Amazon is using a new strategy to avoid antitrust scrutiny by hiring the majority of the team behind Adept, an AI startup, and licensing its technology, in what is being called a reverse acquihire. This move comes after Microsoft employed a similar tactic in its hiring of Inflection's team, a competitor to OpenAI. Amazon's hiring of Adept's team and licensing its technology allows the company to access cutting-edge AI technology without undergoing the traditional acquisition process, which could attract antitrust regulatory attention. This strategy reflects a broader trend in the industry, with Big Tech companies leveraging their financial resources to absorb AI startups and their technology to retain a competitive edge.

Zuckerberg Accuses Rivals of Trying to Create AI-Powered God

Jun 30, 2024 • Futurism • (1 Minute Read) • Artificial General Intelligence
In a recent interview, Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg accused unspecified AI rivals of attempting to "create God" by building an artificial general intelligence (AGI) that surpasses human capabilities. He expressed disapproval of the idea, stating that it's impractical to have a single AGI meeting everyone's needs and interests. Instead, he advocated for open-source AI, promoting the development of various AIs tailored to different needs. These remarks coincide with Meta's efforts to position itself as a frontrunner in the AI race, despite facing setbacks such as Apple's refusal to integrate Meta's AI systems. Additionally, experts have varying predictions about the future of AGI, and the ultimate outcome remains uncertain.